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Eyes on Sen Soley: Additional Resources

Vèvè Imagery

For… the Sen Soley artists, visual art was part of a larger engagement between mind, body and nature that brought together agricultural work, storytelling, music, writing, and religious practice. They engaged deeply with the visual landscapes of Haitian Vodou, both in the form of the paintings and objects present in religious spaces and with the larger visions (including those that came to them in dreams) of the spiritual realms. As part of this practice, they incorporated the practice of vèvè, complex drawings made of corn meal, flour, or other powders on the ground before ceremonies, during which dancers move over and scatter the symbols. These drawings evoke and call to the various lwa (variously translated as gods, spirits, or saints). -Laurent Dubois

Kwadeboukè Seremoni – Veves (Part 1)

Kwadeboukè Seremoni – Veves (Part 2)

Filmed by Eric Barstow, Sabine Cadeau, and Hank Gonzalez in Croix-des-Bouquets Haiti, August 2013

Saint Soleil School

Several of the works (in the Eyes on Sen Soley exhibit) are in dialogue in particular with the Sen Soley/Saint Soleil project that was initiated by painter Jean-Claude Garoute, known as Tiga, starting in 1972. Garoute, who had previously co-directed an art center called Poto Mitan, created a space in the rural village of Soissons-la-Montagne, in the mountains above Port-au-Prince not far from Kenscoff, for local farmers to produce works of art as part of larger process of exchange and discovery. Out of this two-decade long experiment there emerged a series of artists, including Levoy Exil and Louisiane Saint-Fleurant, who gained international recognition for their work as it was presented in festivals and exhibits in the Americas and Europe. Many of their paintings can be seen as an attempt to see beyond what is easily visible to see what lies beneath, in dreams, under the waters, in trees and nature, in the past and in the future, where spiritual forces are constantly at work. -Laurent Dubois

Purchase Prints

All proceeds from the sale of prints directly support the artists.

About the Collector and Collaborator, Jeanremi Verella

Writer Erin O’Hare explores the curatorial journey of Verella, collaborator and friend to the Port-Au-Prince artists.

Four years ago, Jeanremi Verella boarded a plane to the United States with a bunch of rolled-up paintings, including some of these paintings, under his arm.

Verella, then a UVA student, had gotten to know the four artists whose work he carried—Richard Nesly, Anthony Martial, Erivaux Prospere, and Mackenley Darius—while participating in an international artists’ residence near Verella’s hometown of Port-Au-Prince, Haiti.

While at the residency, Verella noticed that the Haitian artists were treated differently than the artists visiting from other nations. They were not allowed to drink the same water, they were not served food from the same kitchen. The residency was not for the Haitian artists, Verella realized, but for the international artists. Verella says it reminded him of how the Haitian revolution was by Haitians, but not for Haitians. 

He explains: “I’d love the viewers to know that the Haitian revolution [1804] was a major act against anyone that placed themselves in between another and their access to freedom. When the Haitian artists were denied food and water at the hotel during the residency simply because they were of the land, I felt as if the artists not being valued as equal raised the question of who really belongs. 

“The Haitian revolution was fought so that we can all belong. It was unsuccessful, as history showed us we chose to further divide ourselves between francophones, mulattos, and catholic leaders…the categories of people that deserved respect in 1804 (‘til infinity) is directly out of the social norms of the colonial empire.

“The true Haitian revolution resided in the culture, the act of remembering a time not shown, before we put ourself in bondage; after we broke free from our chains. The cyclical nature of time reminds us that even today it is unthinkable in the Western hemisphere, a free Black nation governed by free Black women and men.”

Troubled and angered by the treatment of the artists, he wanted to get to know the local artists and their work in the ways the residency, and the broader art world that looks too often through a colonizer’s lens, did not allow him to.

He wants Charlottesville to get to know these artists, too. Verella would love to host Nesly, Martial, Prospere, and Darius in Charlottesville, but U.S. policies make that quite difficult. It’s easier to bring the art than the people, which, Verella points out, says something about the value of a commodity versus that of humanity. So now, we’ll have to get to know these artists through their work, with Verella as our guide.

Each artist has his own style, but they are part of a collective and share similar influences. They are all connected to and influenced by the Saint-Soleil movement, which began in the 1970s with well-renowned artists seeking “to better understand a Haitian aesthetic from a Haitian perspective,” says Verella. “What they did went alongside ideals of revolution, alongside ideals of” working and creating for themselves and their comrades, not for people who don’t care about them. They did not grow vegetables for those who would not appreciate the produce, and they did not create art for those who would not appreciate the spirit of the work (i.e., tourists spending “those green dollars, those dead presidents” at artisanal markets, says Verella). The original Saint-Soleil artists decided to make art for themselves for a few years, and, as Verella describes it, “went from sculpting to drumming to painting, together. They finished each other’s paintings, finished each other’s sculptures and songs. […] It was a pantheon of Haitian Vodou, a representation of the artisans’ livelihoods, which were already interconnected.”

These artists come from a similar perspective.

Another important connection among these artists is Haitian Vodou (which is different from the “voodoo” Americans may have preconceptions of). “Vodou is, how do we interpret our environment, and what do we do with it, whether a drop of rain, or a bull,” says Verella.

Within these works are forests, birds, serpents, stories, spirits, community, individuality, land, home, friendship, and more. Some of it may be familiar to Charlottesville viewers, while other aspects likely are not. And that’s okay—it’s a chance to learn and to learn respectfully. For Verella, these works bring the realization that “these spirits are among us,” and not only because nearly all of them have eyes, watching us as we look at them, a connection difficult to deny.